Monday, June 30, 2014

An interview with Greg Mills about 'why Africa is poor'

Why is Africa poor? What can Africans do about it?

These two questions are combined in the title of a 2010 book, Why Africa Is Poor and What Africans Can Do About It, by South African scholar Greg Mills. The book was released in paperback in 2011 and in a Kindle edition in 2012.

Mills is director of the Johannesburg-based Brenthurst Foundation, which “was established in 2005 by the Oppenheimer family,” he told me in an interview after a book forum at the Cato Institute in Washington. He is also the co-author, with David Williams, of Seven Battles that Shaped South Africa and, with Jeffrey Herbst, of Africa's Third Liberation: The New Search for Prosperity and Jobs (2012; Kindle edition, 2014).

The foundation’s objective, Mills said, is to “try to strengthen African economic performance. Essentially we operate at a strategic level with African presidencies, at their request,” providing research and advice “based on primary fieldwork in African countries” and drawing “a lot of good and bad examples from around the world: things to avoid and things to try to replicate.”

Describing Why Africa Is Poor and What Africans Can Do About It, Mills explained it has three parts.

“It tries to understand, firstly, why Africa is poor, and it advances the idea that this is a choice of African leadership. It’s an option that they have taken; it’s a result of their poor decisions,” he said.

It also tries to explain, Mills added, “why those decisions have been made. It often relates to the fact that African electorates are apathetic. In many cases, they don’t hold their leaders to account.”

The book also relates how economic aid from developed countries – or lack of it, depending on how one looks at it – “provides an opportunity for Africans to externalize their problems and also their solutions.

The second part of the book, Mills said, “focuses on international experiences and the best examples that Africa can draw” upon, while “the third part of the book really focuses on some of the opportunities in Africa [and] how these ideas might be implemented.”

That third section, he explained, examines the coming “demographic dividend in Africa and what this means [as] a huge opportunity for Africa, and what we have to do to realize this.” It also focuses on issues like agriculture, mining, and tourism, “three areas of great comparative advantage for the continent.”


Huge Potential for Tourism
With regard to tourism, Mills noted, “Africa currently gets about 4 percent of the global one billion-person tourism market,” meaning that Africa is wildly underrepresented in that economic sector, even though “in terms of wildlife and other beach and safari-type options, we have tremendous potential.”

Greg Mills at the Cato Institute, 2010
He gave the examples of “a country like Kenya has a million fly-in tourists a year. Tanzania has 500,000 fly-in tourists a year, [while] Mozambique just has 50,000,” despite being “right next door to South Africa. There’s clearly a lot of potential in terms of an increasing that market.”

To increase tourism, Mills said, “we need to make it easier to get to Africa, cheaper to get to Africa, [and provide] higher quality resorts when people get there,” as well as assure “safer conditions where people don’t have to be worried about what surprises they’re going to find en route.”

He said that “the way to do it is to try to make it cheaper for South African tourists, in particular, to fly” to other African countries, “and then to relax visa restrictions on other external tourists.” In his formal remarks, Mills had pointed out that the Republic of Georgia no longer requires tourist visas for visitors from countries that have a bigger GDP than Georgia has, because such people are unlikely to stay there looking for work.

“Unfortunately,” Mills lamented, “most African countries have a very onerous visa regime and the air flights are not only unreliable, but relatively sparse in terms of their coverage and penetration of African markets.”

Still, he concluded, there is “certainly a huge amount of unrealized potential in tourism with all the multiplier employment prospects that it offers.”


‘Ditto’ for Agriculture
“Ditto,” he said, “in terms of agriculture,” which is extremely underdeveloped in relation to its potential in Africa.

“Africa’s agricultural yields have been two-thirds below that of the rest of the world,” Mills explained, due to “a huge lack of investment in extension services and fertilizer and seed programs.”

African agricultural output, he said, has “more or less flat-lined since independence in terms of its yield increases. This means that 38 of 48 sub-Saharan African countries are net food importers. It’s a staggering statistic.”

With more and more Africans moving to urban areas, he warned, “if we are to develop in our cities and if we are able to reduce food costs, we need to up our game.”

That means “addressing questions about land title, it means improving extension services, it means getting the private sector involved. It means upping scale in terms of agriculture, because that obviously brings certain efficiencies, and it means introducing technologies.”

In essence, Mills said, Africa must move “from a subsistence, peasant-type farming environment to a large-scale commercial involvement, [with] all the steps in between, particularly in mid-level farming.”

Despite this current underutilization of agricultural resources, Mills continued, “there’s huge potential on the continent. We shouldn’t be stuck at 5 percent growth. We should be looking at 10 percent growth and find out and understand the reasons why we’re not doing 15 percent growth,” since Africa is starting “from such a low base.”

(This article originally appeared in two parts, and in somewhat different form, on Examiner.com, on October 7 and October 8, 2010.)


Africa News Headlines for 30 June 2014

Oscar Pistorius murder trial: live
Source: The Telegraph

Trade volumes strengthening Zambia-Japan ties
Source: Zambia Daily Mail

Yahsat Targets 600m Africans With Satellite Broadband
Source: Leadership Newspapers

Buying Into Paradise – Mauritius Woos Foreign Investors
Source: Ventures Africa

South Africa to commemorate Mandela Day
Source: Korea Times

The case for capital market integration in West Africa
Source: Business Day

African successes clouded by lack of economic data
Source: Ecns.cn

Tunisia should look to sub-Saharan Africa to expand growth
Source: Al-Monitor

Yale musicians study West Africa's drumbeats, a village at a time
Source: Christian Science Monitor

Rise of Africa opens up new opportunities
Source: East African Business Week

Back to the future? Battling Jihadis in Africa
Source: Journal-Pioneer

Stunning Pictures: Inside Africa's Last Wetland Wilderness
Source: National Geographic

UN determined to help Africa fight terrorism
Source: New Vision

Growth in Africa outperforms SWIFT’s global growth
Source: Business Day

Rothschild fund raises US$530mil to invest in Africa
Source: The Star Online

Electrify Africa and Save Hundreds of Millions of Lives
Source: Forbes

West Africa can’t manage the Ebola outbreak
Source: Washington Post

Oscar Pistorius murder trial to resume after psychiatric evaluation
Source: CNN

New Africa Book of the Day - 30 June 2014

A History of South Africa: From the Distant Past to the Present Day, edited by Fransjohan Pretorius

Release Date: June 30, 2014
Publisher: Protea Boekhuis
[This book's] broad scope includes South Africa's pre-colonial history, slavery, Afrikaner nationalism, an environmental history and an analysis of a post-apartheid South Africa.

Some relevant questions are asked in this book. For example, Who were the first people in South Africa? And who came after them? How did their interaction help to form this country? Where do we stand as a nation today? Chapters include the Anglo-Boer War, the establishment of apartheid, a different view on apartheid and the democratic puberty. Two chapters are about the struggle against the Afrikaner and focus on the black resistance movement.

The [editor] said in a recent interview: "We did not try and justify apartheid, but one has to know what it was all about". Prof Hermann Giliomee also poses the question in his chapter: "Was apartheid all bad?"

This extensive history of South Africa was written by some of the country’s most prominent historians and is meant to put the complex history of South Africa into perspective.

The [editor] emphasizes that the book is an effort to understand people's behavior in the history of South Africa.
Fransjohan Pretorius, professor of history at the University of Pretoria, is author of The A to Z of the Anglo-Boer War (2010), Historical Dictionary of the Anglo-Boer War (2009), and Life On Commando During The Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 (1999), among other books.  This edited volume includes chapters contributed by David Scher, Jan Visagie, Hermann Giliomee, and Jan-Jan Joubert.




Thursday, June 26, 2014

New Africa Book of the Day - 26 June 2014

Education in East and Central Africa, by Charl Wolhuter

Release Date: June 26, 2014
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic [Kindle Edition]

Education in East and Central Africa is a comprehensive critical reference guide to education in the region. With chapters written by an international team of leading regional education experts, the book explores the education systems of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome, Gabon, the Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The book critically examines the regional development of education provision in each country as well as recent reforms and global contexts. Including a comparative introduction to the issues facing education in the region as a whole and guides to available online datasets, this handbook will be an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.
Charl C. Wolhuter is co-editor (with Alexander W. Wiseman) of The Development of Higher Education in Africa: Prospects and Challenges (2013) and (with K.G. Karras) of the two-volume International Handbook on Teachers Education Worldwide (2010). He also edited South Africa in Focus: Economic, Political and Social Issues (2013). Wolhuter teaches in the School of Education of North-West University, South Africa.

This Week's Africa Holidays - Mozambique, Madagascar & Djibouti

This week three African countries celebrate their independence days -- Mozambique yesterday (June 25), Madagascar today (June 26) and Djibouti tomorrow (June 27).

Mozambique
Located in southeastern Africa (where it borders several countries:  Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, with Madagascar across the Mozambique Channel to its southeast.)

Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal in 1975, only to descend into civil war two years later, a conflict that was not ended until 1992. With the advent of a multiparty system, the country became a democracy and has been politically stable for the past two decades. The country's population (as of 2011) is about 24 million.

In his holiday message to the people of Mozambique, U.S. Secretary of State noted his personal ties to the country. (His wife, Teresa, was born and raised in the country.) Said Kerry:
Mozambique is a longstanding partner of the United States. Together, our countries are working to ensure peace, progress, and shared prosperity for all. We are especially proud of our joint efforts to strengthen democracy, promote economic growth, and combat the scourge of wildlife trafficking and other transnational crimes.
Madagascar
The Republic of Madagascar (formerly known as the Malagasy Republic) is located on the fourth-largest island in the world, off the east coast of the African continent in the Indian Ocean. It gained independence from France in 1960 and its 2012 population was about 22 million.

The Malagasy people first arrived from Borneo sometime between 350 BCE and 500 CE. Anthropologists believe this makes Madagascar one of the last land masses to be settled by humans.

Secretary of State Kerry said in a congratulatory independence day message to the people of Madagascar:
This year’s anniversary carries special significance as the first since Madagascar’s return to democratic rule.

We encourage the newly elected government to show its commitment to the Malagasy people by governing with transparency and respect for human rights and the rule of law. In times of crisis, we worked with you to advance the health and well-being of all your citizens. Now, in times of hope and opportunity, we look forward to deepening our partnership for peace and shared prosperity.
Djibouti
The smallest country by land area in Africa, Djibouti occupies a total area of just 8,958 square miles (23,200 square kilometers). It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia and is the home of the only U.S. military base in sub-Saharan Africa, Camp Lemonnier.

First known during the colonial era as French Somaliland, it became the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas in 1967, ten years before Djibouti became independent of France in 1977. Its current population is about 811,000.

To celebrate independence day, shopkeepers decorate their premises with the national colors (blue, green, and white) and the red star of the Djiboutian flag. The people also mark the day with parades, fireworks, concerts, and dances.

This year, at least one foreign dignitary is visiting Djibouti to commemorate the holiday:
Somalia’s Parliament Speaker Mohamed Osman Jawari has started a three-day official visit to Djibouti where he will meet members of the government and Members of the Parliament.

Speaker Jawari accompanied by MPs from Somalia Federal Parliament has received a cordial welcome at Djibouti’s International Airport on Tuesday afternoon where he spoke to the local media.


Africa News Headlines for 26 June 2014

Gabon Bound Airplane Disappears in Camerounian Airspace
Source: This Day Live

Zuma is Africa's third most followed leader on Twitter
Source: TimesLIVE

Nigeria promises to meet EU's long term gas supply needs
Source: Platts

Russia offers to train Kenya police on anti-terrorism
Source: KBC

Security Hazards of Being a FIFA World Cup Spectator
Source: Africa in Transition

ISS: Kenya's dilemma in Somalia - to withdraw or not to withdraw?
Source: defenceWeb

China-Africa Relations: More Room for Improvement
Source; The African Executive

Cuban Vice-president Heads Delegation to African Summit
Source: ACN

The world is aTwitter as more world leaders connect
Source: Miami Herald

US Congratulates Madagascar on Democratic Milestone
Source: Voice of America

The Gorilla vet teams who treat infants orphaned by poachers and combat disease to help numbers regrow
Source: Daily Mail

AU Says It's Progressing to Military Force by End of 2015
Source: Voice of America

Does Nigeria have an image problem?
Source: BBC News

WHO Issues Update on Polio in Central Africa
Source: Infection Control Today

Nigeria aims for investment hub as appetite for South Africa wanes
Source: Business Day


Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 25 June 2014

African heartbreak as Ivory Coast out of World Cup
Source: Economic Times/AP

Over 400 Tanzanians in foreign jails over drugs
Source: IPP Media

Uganda Lashes Out at U.S. Sanctions; Will Hurt 'Most Vulnerable'
Source: The Advocate

What does Wikipedia need to do in Africa?
Source: htxt.africa

Serenus Biotherapeutics sees large potential market in Africa
Source: San Francisco Chronicle

Growing CIA and Pentagon Involvement in Africa
Source: Global Research

Germany announces new approach to Africa development cooperation
Source: EurActiv

Ebola epidemic in West Africa 'out of control'
Source: CNN

Anti-Gay UN Assembly President: An Unnecessary Obstacle
Source: Huffington Post

Africa's ecosystems imperilled by mining frenzy
Source: The Ecologist

Green Bay boy takes love of baseball to Africa
Source: Green Bay Press-Gazette

War on polio: A call to African mothers
Source: Aljazeera

Pernod to Bottle Indian Whisky Brands in Africa
Source: The Spirits Business

International arbitration Africa style
Source: The Global Legal Post

Japan firms losing to rivals in Africa
Source: Japan Times

Canada to open Africa trade office in Joburg
Source: SouthAfrica.info

Organic farm in Benin, an example for Africa
Source: News24

Who is Sam Kahamba Kutesa?
Source: New Vision

Out of Africa And Into Asia – Chocolate Makers Eye Asian Demand
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Thank Africa’s lousy internet for Facebook’s improved Android app
Source: Quartz

Jill Biden to travel to Africa
Source: Miami Herald/McClatchy

Illegal Trade, Poaching Help Fund Terror Activities in Africa: Report
Source: NDTV

The 12 Hottest Startups In Africa
Source: Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Nigeria: African Country At An Economic Turning Point
Source: NASDAQ


Monday, June 23, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 23 June 2014

TV Networks in Africa Squabble Over World Cup Broadcast Rights
Source: Global Voices

Big Brother Africa Auditions Announced
Source: iAfrica.com

Morocco Highlights Role of South-South Cooperation in Promoting Stability, Progress in Africa
Source: The North Africa Post

ECOWAS ministers discuss combating terrorism in West Africa
Source: The Africa Report

The Hot New Africa Investment Trend: Pension Funds
Source: Institutional Investor

Etisalat’s Flous now available to subscribers in Gabon
Source: Emirates 24/7

Importance of Africa to UAE re-export market grows
Source: Construction Week Online

Interview: National interests delay formation of Africa Standby Force
Source: Shanghai Daily

Twenty-five young African leaders attend Washington Fellowship on campus
Source: The Daily Texan

Sub-Saharan Africa Is a Priority For Morocco: Scholar
Source: Morocco World News

She Leads Africa launches $10k pitch competition for West Africa’s female entrepreneurs
Source: Human IPO

Tulsa Mom Running To OKC To Bring Clean Water To Africa Villages
Source: Newson6.com

A Trip to Africa Helped Facebook Improve Its Android App
Source: Mashable

Africa’s Farms of the Future
Source: EurActiv

China’s changing relationship with Africa
Source: FinanceAsia

Africa debate: Is Nigeria ready to lead the continent?
Source: BBC News

History looms large as African states play in global markets
Source: Business Day

Wife of Chinese Ambassador to Gabon Attends Women's Activities
Source: Women of China

Mbabazi given NRM ultimatum
Source: The Observer

Chinese petroleum firm opens training center in Gabon
Source: Xinhua

Lawyers blame Kenya’s insecurity to laziness
Source: Standard Digital

Kenya massacres expose ethnic divisions
Source: Financial Times



Friday, June 20, 2014

New Africa Book of the Day - 20 June 2014

In the Name of the People: Angola's Forgotten Massacre, by Lara Pawson

Release Date: June 25, 2014
Publisher: I.B. Tauris

On 27th May 1977, a small demonstration against the MPLA, the ruling party of Angola – led to the slaughter of thousands, if not tens of thousands, of people. The protestors were supporters of the MPLA, however the ruling elite feared this new 'factionalism' might lead to a coup d'├ętat. The events of May 1977 are little talked of in Angola today – and virtually unknown outside the country.

In this book, journalist Lara Pawson tracks down the story of what really happened on that fateful day. In a series of vivid encounters, she talks to eyewitnesses, victims and even perpetrators of the violent and confusing events of the 27th May and the following weeks and months. From London to Lisbon to Luanda, she meets those who continue to live in the shadow of the appalling events of 40 years ago and who – in most cases – have been too afraid to speak about them before. Pawson investigates not only the unwritten story of the 27th May - one of the biggest taboos in Angolan contemporary history – but she also challenges long-held assumptions about political opposition in Angola, as well as the MPLA, Cuba and the former President Agostinho Neto.

Despite Angola's enormous oil wealth, poverty and racial division remain live problems for most of its people. This book contributes to a deeper understanding of modern Angola – its people and its politics; past, present and future.
Journalist Lara Pawson writes for The Guardian and has been a Writing Fellow at the Wits Institute of Social & Economic Research, at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She is also on Twitter.

Thursday, June 19, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 19 June 2014

Nigeria’s Bid to Cut Oil Smuggling
Source: Wall Street Journal

India overtakes US as Nigeria's biggest oil importer
Source: BBC News

President Uhuru Kenyatta tells EU to buy more African goods
Source: Standard Digital

Kenya Travel Warning
Source: U.S. Department of State

Is Africa's meteoric rise to riches sustainable?
Source: Christian Science Monitor

US imposes sanctions on Uganda for anti-gay law
Source: BBC News

“The Chibok Girls—Nigeria’s Side of the Story”
Source: Africa in Transition

Uganda Reserves $8 Billion in Rail Plans for Chinese Bidders
Source: Bloomberg

Poaching elephants: Africa's wars take toll on wildlife
Source: Chicago Tribune

Using outsourcing to help alleviate poverty in Africa and South Asia
Source: The Guardian

Huge demand for ivory threatens to wipe out Africa's elephants
Source: Detroit Free Press

Why illegal fishing off Africa's coast must be stopped
Source: The Guardian

Media Advisory: ‘A Glimpse of Africa: Five Cultures from the Continent’
Source: Wake Forest University

Why Crowdfunding Can Fuel Economic Development in Africa
Source: Crowdsourcing.org

Investors who overlook Africa risk losses
Source: Moneyweb

In Africa Counterterror Pivot, a Focus on ISR
Source: DefenseNews

State bureaucracy slows down Africa’s growth, says report
Source: Standard Digital

Rebranding Africa isn’t just about image
Source: Zambia Daily Mail

Singapore Billionaire Bets Big on Energy in Africa, Asia
Source: Bloomberg Businessweek

Africa's Sahel region 'threatened by Islamist violence'
Source: BBC News

Africa’s first online learning platform wins innovation award
Source: Cape Business News

Africa facing terrorism “storm”—Senegalese president
Source: Asharq al-Awsat

UN investigator says thousands flee Eritrea every month
Source: EIN Newsdesk

East Africa's elegant antelope on the verge of bowing out
Source: Christian Science Monitor

Ghana ranked 4th top investment destination in Africa – Report
Source: GhanaWeb

Chinese envoy calls for coherent, effective int'l support for Sahel in tackling security threats
Source: Xinhua

Nigeria’s move to muzzle media invites wrath
Source: Oman Tribune

Facebook Improves Its App By Testing It In Africa
Source: Ubergizmo


Wednesday, June 18, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 18 June 2014

Gabon's Bongo struggles to transform African oil republic
Source: Reuters

Trees could boost crop yield in Africa
Source: Environmental Research Web

Is South Korea An Outlier For Trade In South Africa?
Source: Mondaq

Bob Geldof leads talk of Africa as next big aquaculture hub
Source: Undercurrent News

Africa Energy Forum kicks off in Istanbul
Source: Global Post/Xinhua

Paving the way for private sector growth
Source: The Africa Report

Genetically-engineered 'super bananas' could save millions of lives in Africa
Source: Yahoo! News

Chinese VP in Zambia to boost ties with Africa's copper giant
Source: The Business Times

Chimpanzees stealing crops in parts of Africa
Source: CBBC

On visit to Kenya, Liberman vows to help Africa fight terror
Source: The Times of Israel

African firm is selling pepper-spray bullet firing drones
Source: BBC News

Barrick Gold Unit Is Accused of Bribery in Africa
Source: Wall Street Journal

Guest post: how fast is Africa really growing?
Source: Financial Times

The U.S.-Africa Leaders’ Summit: Building a Strategy Together with Africa
Source: Africa in Focus/Brookings Institution

Doctors Aren't Sure How To Stop Africa's Deadliest Ebola Outbreak
Source: NPR

China zeroes in on investment pattern for Africa
Source: WantChinaTimes

Metals of Africa secures exploration funding
Source: African Mining

Two years jail for Togolese ivory smuggler 'Le Patron'
Source: AFP

Cementing Africa’s future: The rise and rise of Africa’s richest man
Source: Daily Maverick

Nigerians Despair as Search for Girls Stalls
Source: The Wall Street Journal

African Heads Summit in US: Black Americans Must be Proactive
Source: The African Executive

EXCLUSIVE: ICC to UN: Investigate Your Alleged Coverups in Darfur
Source: Foreign Policy/The Cable

Kenya, Corruption, and Terrorism
Source: The Huffington Post

Nigeria's Bid to Cut Oil Smuggling
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Nigeria: What Time Is It?
Source: Africa in Transition

Forget your wallet, text messaging is the way to go.
Source: Marketplace

Today's Africa Holiday: Seychelles National Day - 18 June 2014

Today the people of the Republic of Seychelles celebrate their national day.

The holiday commemorates the country's return to a multiparty, democratic constitution in 1993. (Independence Day in the Seychelles takes place on June 29, marking the date the country became independent of Great Britain and joined the Commonwealth.)

National day celebrations in the Seychelles include military parades, a state of the nation address by the president, flower shows, and music concerts.

This year's national day celebrations coincide with a state visit by Dr. Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca, the president of another African island nation, Cape Verde.

In a statement released June 17, U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry wrote in part:
The lengthy and cordial history of U.S.-Seychellois relations illustrates the affinity between our nations, both of which prize diversity and economic opportunity.

The United States appreciates Seychelles’ continuing efforts in support of regional security. Your work to prosecute and incarcerate suspected pirates has made the world’s ocean a safer place. We share your hopes for growth as a tolerant, vibrant society with an active role promoting stability throughout the Indian Ocean region.

We also look forward to working together to sustainably manage our shared ocean resources. No one knows better than Seychelles that our ocean is a precious resource under the threat of pollution, overfishing, and other human impacts. The ocean’s future is our future, and it deserves our attention.
For a relatively recent history of the Seychelles, see Deryck Scarr's 2000 book, Seychelles Since 1770: History of a Slave and Post-Slavery Society. The country's first president, James Mancham, published a memoir in 2009 called Seychelles Global Citizen: The Autobiography of the Founding President.

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 17 June 2014

Sen. Kaine Speaks to Young African Leadership Initiative at UVa.
Source: The Newsplex

In Congo, third time's no charm
Source: The Hill

Ugandan selected for UN post despite reservations
Source: Legalbrief Today

Bach and UN leader discuss joint efforts in Africa
Source: Houston Chronicle

Log Cabin Republicans: ‘Deafening silence’ greets U.N. election of anti-gay Sam Kutesa
Source: Miami Herald

Luanda third in expat cost of living survey
Source: Relocate Magazine

Uganda told to appoint rep to Democratic Governance body
Source: New Vision

IFC and Government of Chad Introduce Leasing to Help Small-Scale Business Sector Expand
Source: Star Africa

Williams: Africans seek to cultivate leadership
Source: Richmond Times-Dispatch

EU Teaches West Africa how to Cheat, Plunder, Bully and Fish Unsustainably
Source: Breitbart News

Safeguarding Giraffe Populations From Extinction in East Africa
Source: National Geographic

Officials: Wildlife products may finance terrorism
Source: NBC29/AP

Taking China-Africa ties to the next level
Source: The Observer

Israeli government in Africa tour to diversify business interests
Source: Business Day

Morocco, UK Can Contribute to Development of Africa: Lord Mayor of London
Source Morocco World News

UN: 30 million African kids missing primary school
Source: NBC29/AP

Genetically Modified Food Set to Aid Hunger in Africa
Source: Liberty Voice

Young African Leaders Initiative: Washington Fellows Arrive at U.S. Host Institutions
Source: U.S. Department of State

US Stepping Up Presence In Sub-Saharan Africa Energy Boom
Source: AFK Insider

Nigerian multi-crop processor comes top 10 in Innovation Prize for Africa
Source: Business Day

African Countries Dominate Destinations for Future Global Investment
Source: Atlanta Black Star

Africa’s New Consumers Choose Quality Over Quantity
Source: Wall Street Journal

Kaine addresses members of Young African Leaders Initiative hosted at UVa
Source: The Daily Progress


Thursday, June 12, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 12 June 2014

Sex toys may be illegal in many African states but social taboos are fading
Source: The Guardian

Afreximbank to inject over $18m into Gabonese economy
Source: StarAfrica

African Wildlife Conservation and Kenya’s Wildlife Policy Act
Source: Africa in Transition

Total starts new oil operations in Angola
Source: UPI

FEATURE: Is there enough funding for startups in Africa?
Source: HumanIPO

Canada not exploiting competitive advantages to boost African trade: forum told
Source: Montreal Gazette

Economic and Financial Integration, a Must for Africa: Moroccan Minister
Source: Morocco World News

Africa-America Institute Begins Conversations on Africa Series in Washington
Source: Sierra Express Media

Nigeria’s Internally Displaced Population a Humanitarian Disaster Waiting to Happen
Source: Africa in Transition

Made In Africa, Duty-Free In The US, And About To Expire. Will the Sun Set On AGOA?
Source: AFK Insider

Germany adopts new Africa policy: ambassador
Source: Global Post/Xinhua

Hillary Clinton says in memoir that there's very little U.S. military presence in Africa
Source: Tampa Bay Times/Politifact

Kenya, Israel to resume direct flights after 12 years
Source: World Bulletin

Towards Making Africa an Innovation Hub
Source: This Day Live

Zimbabwe leads Africa in literacy
Source: Bulawayo 24

What Africa's children need to succeed
Source: The Guardian

Is Brazil losing interest in Africa?
Source: Eye Witness News

Q&A with the South African Ambassador Ebrahim Rasool
Source: Africa Agribusiness

Terrorism threat cripples Kenya's tourism industry
Source: Sowetan

West Africa needs to look at partially decriminalising drugs, says thinktank
Source: The Guardian

Why a U.S. Partnership with Africa Makes Sense
Source: Institutional Investor

Africa and West pledge more support in war against Boko Haram
Source: Reuters Canada

MasterCard Index Ranks Africa’s Cities with Highest Growth Potential
Source: StarAfrica

Africa and the FIFA World Cup - a historical journey
Source: GhanaWeb

Metals of Africa raises funds; focus on Rio Mazoe Project in Mozambique
Source: Proactive Investors Australia

Meet Ranger Jay: The extraordinary adventures of Jay Katzen
Source: Anchorage Press

Engaging Wall Street On Power Africa
Source: 3BL Media


Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 10 June 2014

Top US officials say the United States has an enduring stake in Africa
Source: defenceWeb

Ghana tops MasterCard’s African cities growth index again
Source: StarAfrica

Togo goes high-tech in crackdown on ivory smuggling
Source: Oman Daily Observer

African migrants climb their way into Spain
Source: Aljazeera

ICC to Put Congolese 'Terminator' on Trial
Source: Fars News Agency

Controversial Ugandan official may get U.N. post
Source: Barre Montpelier Times Argus

Africa needs 18m jobs yearly –ILO
Source: Sun News

"Rumble in the Jungle" Anniversary to be Celebrated in Louisville and Africa
Source: WFPL-FM

Africa must generate research data that is relevant to its circumstances, writes Prof Aoyi
Source: African Brains

China moves to establish firm presence in West Africa
Source: Premium Times

Georgia Sends Troops To Central Africa
Source: Defense News

German experts help save Timbuktu heritage
Source: Deutsche Welle

Nigeria vies for control of Opec as cartel ponders oil output
Source: The Telegraph

Kenya's case study in homegrown terrorism
Source: Global Post

China sees Africa trade evolving beyond mineral resources
Source: BBC News

Is the ICC Pursuing Anti-African Agenda?
Source: GhanaWeb

Why Is IBM Making All These Investments In Africa?
Source: AFK Insider

Kenya looks into US spying allegations
Source: Legalbrief Today

Call to Africa as academics and professionals invited to attend conference at Judge Business School on Saturday, June 14
Source: Cambridge News

German Investors Planning 70 MW Waste to Energy Plant in Nairobi, Kenya
Source: Waste Management World

What China Is Saying About The Upcoming U.S.-Africa Summit
Source: AFK Insider

Urbanisation contributes to Africa's growth
Source: eNCA

Moderate Muslim leader killed in Kenya
Source: Bloomberg Businessweek

Mobile IT boom in Africa ‘needs more infrastructure investment’, says survey
Source: Out-Law.com

KTB launches #WhyILoveKenya
Source: Capital FM

Liberman set to embark on Africa visit
Source: The Times of Israel

Kenya’s top diplomat Amina Mohamed visits Seychelles - Tourism and trade to get boost
Source: Seychelles News Agency

Africa's Women Entrepreneurs Take the Lead
Source: ABC News/AP

Can anything stop West Africa’s outbreak of Ebola?
Source: Washington Post


New Africa Book of the Day - 10 June 2014

Africa's Third Liberation by Greg Mills and Jeffrey Herbst

Release Date: June 2, 2014
Publisher: SA Penguin [Kindle Edition]


Africa has experienced two liberations: the first from colonial and racist regimes, and the second from the autocrats who often followed foreign rule. African countries now have the potential to undertake a third liberation - from political economies characterised by graft, crony capitalism, rents-seeking, elitism and social inequality. This third liberation will open up the economic space in which business can compete - a necessary condition for expanding employment. During the 2000s, the continent had its best growth decade on record since independence. High commodity prices offer a launch pad for sustained growth and employment creation. Now is the moment for African countries to act. This book asks how Africa's political leaders and interest groups can promote economic growth in their countries. Drawing on studies of countries outside Africa, Jeffrey Herbst and Greg Mills identify the factors separating the performers from the laggards worldwide. Aside from the need to create an enabling environment for business through good governance, provision of infrastructure and improvements in education, most critical is the need for a laser-like development focus by governments. In Africa's Third Liberation, Jeffrey Herbst and Greg Mills show why a new African political debate is necessary to make progress in accelerating growth and creating jobs.

Jeffrey Herbst, president of Colgate University, is author of The Politics of Reform in Ghana, 1982-1991 (1993), The Future of Africa: A New Order in Sight (2005), and States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control (2000). Greg Mills, director of the Brenthurst Foundation, is author of Why Africa is Poor: And What Africans Can Do About It (2011).

Monday, June 9, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 9 June 2014

Gabonese Swimming Federation Holds First National Championship Meet
Source: Swim Swam

The 10 Hottest Travel Destinations Of The Future
Source: Business Insider

Doing business with Africa: Potential and challenge
Source: Dynamic Business

Oscar winner Nyong'o named MTV Africa 2014 personality
Source: Ahram Online/AFP

The legacy of an African web pioneer
Source: Financial Times

Airtel targets Africa’s ‘unphoned’ market
Source: IT Web Africa

Africa: Frontier of the ‘Golden Age of Gas’?
Source:  Energy Global

Public-Private Partnerships: Way to go for Africa
Source: The Southern Times

Boko Haram may expand reach: expert
Source: SAPA

Mobile internet usage on the increase in sub-Saharan Africa—Report
Source: Nigerian Tribune

Africa’s sports bars, TV shacks step up security for World Cup
Source: First Post

Nature Is Talking And Africa’s Legislators Are Listening
Source: Inter Press Service

Man Sentenced For Shipping Stolen Cars To Africa At Port Of Baltimore
Source: WJZ13/AP

Africa’s betrayal by African leaders
Source: San Francisco Bay View

Lawyers Discuss Illicit Flow of Money from Africa
Source: Voice of America

Supporting Women Farmers Is The Key To Africa's Continued Progress
Source: Forbes

Report: Nigeria Has Largest Displaced Population in Africa
Source: Voice of America

2014 World Cup Moment of Truth for Africa
Source: The Southern Times

Obama's High-Risk Africa Summit
Source: U.S. News & World Report

Somalia: UN Special Envoy commended Regional Anti-Piracy Authorities
Source: Geeska Africa

Cameroon and Chad to study 700km rail link
Source: International Railway Journal

China adopts a more hands-on approach to the conflict in South Sudan
Source: South China Morning Post

Regional Heads of State to Meet in Ethiopia
Source: Voice of America

Lamido Sanusi named as new emir of Kano in Nigeria
Source: BBC News

Kenya upbeat on ocean deal with Somalia
Source: Midnimo

Why Are Africa's Militaries So Disappointingly Bad?
Source: Foreign Policy


Friday, June 6, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 6 June 2014

Central African bloc to grow by up to 5.5 percent this year: IMF
Source: Reuters

AfDB institutes $100bn for industrial development
Source: Punch

Africa is rising and open for business
Source: The Hill

Searching for South Africa's real tip
Source: Stuff

Brazil: missing out in Africa
Source: Financial Times

How South Africa is connected to the global Internet
Source: Moneyweb

Why ending child marriage in Africa can no longer wait
Source: Ahram Online

UN Report Sees No Genocide in C. African Republic
Source: ABC News/AP

The Battle for Africa's Oldest National Park
Source: National Geographic

Nigerian Navy receives two 17 metre Nautic Africa patrol boats
Source: defenceWeb

Why Big Tech Companies Think Africa is a Game-Changer
Source: Equities

FW de Klerk tells YIBC: 'South Africa was an omelette'
Source: Hull Daily Mail

African students association: No one speaks African
Source: Daily American

Columbus Zoo to host fundraiser for water pumps for Africa
Source: Columbus Dispatch

Internet access ‘crucial to education in Africa’
Source: SciDevNet

New TV audience measurement service goes live in Africa
Source: Digital TV Europe

Khloe Kardashian spotted at MTV Africa Music Awards press conference in Durban
Source: Channel 24

West African oil exports set to shrink
Source: Moneyweb

A Boko Haram Enclave in Northeastern Nigeria?
Source: Africa in Transition

Smartphones drives mobile digital revolution in Africa
Source: Daily News

Africa’s Internet Usage To Continue Exponential Growth
Source: Ventures Africa

Fitch Affirms Gabon at 'BB-'; Outlook Stable
Source: Reuters

Tanzania, Burundi to finally waive work permit fees
Source: The Star

AFRICA INVESTMENT-Investors ignore risk in favour of value on Zimbabwe's bourse
Source: Reuters

Kenya: US Embassy increases defenses amid threat
Source: Seattle Post-Intelligencer/AP

World Cup to host 21 leaders
Source: New Vision

Are Nigerian Military Officers in Court Martial for Helping Boko Haram?
Source: Africa in Transition

India must refocus on South Africa
Source: NITI Central

Kenya launches direct flights to Abuja
Source: Routes News

South Africa, Long a Haven for African Immigrants, Tightens Rules
Source: Voice of America

Africa - a magnet for investors?
Source: Deutsche Welle

Kenyan Startup Aims to Speed Bitcoin to Africa
Source: Wall Street Journal

Remembering South Africans killed in the Great War: 1914-1918
Source: The South African

Kenyatta charm offensive in the USA
Source: The Indian Ocean Newsletter


Thursday, June 5, 2014

Africa News Headlines for 5 June 2014

U.S. criticizes Rwanda over disappearances, press freedom
Source: defenceWeb/Reuters

Dynasties built on the foundation of Western education
Source: Mail & Guardian

Egypt: African countries urged to restructure national economies
Source: PANA

West African oil flow to North America slows to trickle -traders
Source: Reuters

Montco man gets prison for smuggling elephant ivory
Source: Philadelphia Inquirer

Central African central bank needs liquidity management overhaul, IMF says
Source: CentralBanking.com

Africa to get its own Wikipedia
Source: Mail & Guardian

African countries feel cornered in EU trade negotiations
Source: EurActiv

Is there a New Cold War that Impacts Africa?
Source: Global Research

Kenya president meets with German former leader
Source: Global Post/Xinhua

Internet use on mobile phones in Africa predicted to increase 20-fold
Source: The Guardian

Central African Republic Bans Texting, Citing Need For Order
Source: NPR

Gov’t prioritizes agric, industry, services and ICT
Source: New Vision

Museveni to visit Kanungu
Source: The Observer

West Africa Shows Promise for Expanded Meat Exports
Source: Farm Futures

Central African bloc to grow by up to 5.5 percent this year -IMF
Source: Reuters

The future of retail in Africa
Source: Cape Business News

Kenya Air Force will be upgraded - Uhuru
Source: The Star

Cameroon, Chad agree to build 700 kilometre railway link
Source: Reuters